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What to do about Wood-Boring pests

We have seen a higher amount of requests on wood-boring pests. Within this article is a short snapshot on these types of pests and what can be done to protect your trees. Wood-boring pests are a significant concern for trees in Virginia. These pests, including beetles and borers, can cause extensive damage to both living and dead wood compromising the structural integrity of trees. Here’s how wood-boring pests can affect trees on your property:

Emerald Ash Borer (EAB): The emerald ash borer is a highly destructive invasive beetle that targets ash trees. Since its arrival in the United States, EAB has caused widespread mortality of ash trees across Virginia and beyond. Larvae of the emerald ash borer tunnel beneath the bark, disrupting the tree’s vascular system and inhibiting nutrient transport. Infested trees exhibit canopy dieback, epicormic sprouting, and D-shaped exit holes on the bark. Early detection and proactive management strategies such as insecticide treatments and tree removal may be necessary to mitigate the impact of EAB infestations.

Asian Long-horned Beetle (ALB): Another invasive species, the Asian long-horned beetle, poses a significant threat to various hardwood trees, including maple, birch, and poplar. ALB larvae tunnel deep into tree trunks, creating extensive galleries that weaken the wood and impede nutrient flow. Infested trees may display signs of canopy thinning, wilting foliage, and sawdust-like frass accumulating near exit holes. Eradication efforts typically involve tree removal, quarantine measures, and monitoring to prevent the spread of ALB infestations.

Wood-Boring Beetles: Native wood-boring beetles, such as powder post beetles and flatheaded borers, also pose challenges to tree health in Virginia. These beetles lay eggs on or within tree bark, and their larvae tunnel into the wood to feed, causing structural damage and weakening tree limbs. Infestations of wood-boring beetles may go unnoticed until significant damage becomes evident, including exit holes, sawdust piles, and weakened branches. Preventive measures such as maintaining tree vigor through proper watering and pruning, as well as promptly removing and disposing of infested wood, can help mitigate wood-boring beetle infestations.

Preventive Measures: To protect trees from wood-boring pests, it’s essential to maintain tree health and vitality through proper cultural practices such as watering, mulching, and fertilizing. Regular inspections for signs of pest activity, including exit holes, sawdust, and canopy decline, can facilitate early detection and intervention. 

Additionally, avoiding the transportation of infested wood and adhering to quarantine regulations can help prevent the spread of invasive pests like EAB and ALB.

Wood-boring pests pose significant threats to the health and longevity of trees in Virginia. Vigilance, early detection, and proactive management strategies are essential for protecting trees from the devastating effects of wood-boring beetle infestations and preserving the beauty and ecological value of the region’s forests and landscapes.

For professional assistance with your tree care needs, contact us for a free estimate at (804) 551-0819.

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Serving Chesterfield, Chester, Hopewell, Midlothian, Richmond, Virginia and the Surrounding Areas
Address: Prince George, VA 23875
Phone: (804) 551-0819
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    About Us

    Eastern Forestry & Tree Service, Inc. offer a team of trained and competent staff available year round to assess your landscape and provide the ultimate in environmentally friendly tree care and maintenance. As a group of tree care experts dedicated to preserving the natural splendor of Chesterfield, VA we provide free estimates to residential and industrial property owners for any tree project.


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